Euphorbia Hirta: Its Chemistry, Traditional and Medicinal uses, and Pharmacological Activities

Pharmacognosy Review,2010,4,7,58-61.
Published:July 2010
Type:Review Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Malhotra, Dinesh Kumar

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136 119, Haryana, INDIA.


The oldest remedies known to mankind are herbal medicines. India is known worldwide for its Ayurvedic treatment. Euphorbia hirta is often used traditionally for female disorders, respiratory ailments (cough, coryza, bronchitis, and asthma), worm infestations in children, dysentery, jaundice, pimples, gonorrhea, digestive problems, and tumors. It is reported to contain alkanes, triterpenes, phytosterols, tannins, polyphenols, and flavanoids. This review describes the medicinal properties, chemical constituents, and other important aspects of Euphorbia hirta.