Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.-A Comprehensive Review

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2009,3,6,359-363.
Published:July 2009
Type:Review Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Manish Devgun*1, Arun Nanda2, SH Ansari3

1Department of Pharmacy, Vaish Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Rohtak. Haryana, India

2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, M.D. University, Rohtak, Haryana, India

3Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India


The Pterocarpus marsupium belong to family Fabaceae and is widely distributed in central, western and southern regions of India. The role of Pterocarpus marsupium as anti-diabetic has been very well established. Its extract has been prepared using many methods like infusion, maceration, decoction and percolation. Several chemical constituents like pterostilbene, (-)-epicatechin, pterosupin, marsupsin, etc., have been identified and isolated. Pterocarpus marsupium extract also shows promising results in cataract and hypertriglyceridaemia. This plant also finds its use as cardiotonic and hepatoprotective agent. Studies have also been reported to demonstrate its ability as a specific COX- 2 inhibitor. The present review explores its description, traditional uses, extraction methods, chemical constituents, pharmacological activity and commercial importance so that its potential as a multipurpose medicinal agent can be understood and appreciated.