Costus speciosus: Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Therapeutic Potentials

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2018,12,23,120-127.
Published:May 2018
Type:Plant Review
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Ali Hafez El‑Far, Hazem M. Shaheen1, Abdel Wahab Alsenosy, Yasser S. El‑Sayed2, Soad K. Al Jaouni3,4, Shaker A. Mousa5

Departments of Biochemistry, 1Pharmacology and 2Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt, 3Department of Hematology/ Pediatric Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, 4Yousef Abdulatif Jameel scientific chair of Prophetic Medicine Application, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 5Department of Drug Discovery and Drug Development, Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Albany, New York, USA

Abstract:

Medicinal plants are sources of novel drug discovery targets. Costus speciosus is an important medicinal plant widely used for the treatment of various ailments. The plant has multiple active ingredients and has been found to possess many pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti‑inflammatory, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, steroidogenic, adaptogenic, and antimicrobial effects. This review gives an account of unique studies on C. speciosus phytochemical, toxicological, and pharmacological studies and traditional uses of C. speciosus based on searching the databases of Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and Springer Link. The previous studies stated the pharmacological potentials of C. speciosus, but it is still needed for more research efforts concerning molecular basis of its biological activities, especially in vivo models and safety assessment of its different extracts.