Therapeutic Potential and Health Benefits of Sargassum species

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2014,8,15,1-7.
Published:January 2014
Type:Review Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Subhash R. Yende, Uday N. Harle1, Bhupal B. Chaugule2

Department of Pharmacology, Gurunanak College of Pharmacy, 1Clinical Research Consultant, Nagpur, 2Daepartment of Botany, University of Pune, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Abstract:

Sargassum species are tropical and sub-tropical brown macroalgae (seaweed) of shallow marine meadow. These are nutritious and rich source of bioactive compounds such as vitamins, carotenoids, dietary fibers, proteins, and minerals. Also, many biologically active compounds like terpenoids, flavonoids, sterols, sulfated polysaccharides, polyphenols, sargaquinoic acids, sargachromenol, pheophytine were isolated from different Sargassum species. These isolated compounds exhibit diverse biological activities like analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotective, anti-microbial, anti-tumor, fibrinolytic, immune-modulatory, anti-coagulant, hepatoprotective, anti-viral activity etc., Hence, Sargassum species have great potential to be used in pharmaceutical and neutralceutical areas. This review paper explores the current knowledge of phytochemical, therapeutic potential, and health benefits of different species of genus Sargassum.