Semecarpus Anacardium Linn.: A Review

Pharmacognosy Review,2010,4,7,88-94.
Published:July 2010
Type:Review Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Mona Semalty1, Ajay Semalty1, Ashutosh Badola1, Geeta Pant Joshi2, M. S. M. Rawat2

1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), INDIA.

2Department of Chemistry, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar (Garhwal), INDIA.

 

Abstract:

Semecarpus anacardium Linn. (Family: Anacardiaceae), commonly known 'Ballataka' or 'Bhilwa', has been used in various traditional system of medicines for various ailments since ancient times. Its nuts contain a variety of biologically active compounds such as biflavonoids, phenolic compounds, bhilawanols, minerals, vitamins and amino acids, which show various medicinal properties. The fruit and nut extract shows various activities like antiatherogenic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-reproductive, CNS stimulant, hypoglycemic, anticarcinogenic and hair growth promoter. The article reviews the various activities of the plant.