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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 73-80

Phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, and clinical trial of Ficus racemosa

1 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Joyti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudipta Saha
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Vidya Vihar, Rai Bareli Road, Lucknow - 226 025, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India, for providing UGC.MRP Grant [Project No. 42.680/2013(SR)]., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-7847.156356

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Ficus racemosa is an important medicinal plant, found in India, Australia, and Southeast Asia. It is popularly known as 'gular.' It reduces blood glucose concentration due to the presence of β-sitosterol. Many active constituents that have been isolated from various parts of this plant possess useful pharmacological activities. The literature survey proposed that it has multiple pharmacological actions that include antidiabetic, antioxidant, antidiarrhoeal, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antifungal, antibacterial, hypolipidemic, antifilarial, and hepatoprotection. This review article elaborately describes the traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of this plant. We also provide useful structures of the secondary metabolites along with their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data. Some clinical trial data have also been provided in this review. This review would assist researchers to gather scientific information in future.

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