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PLANT REVIEW
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 185-194

The genus Gelsemium: An update


1 Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, Punjab, India
2 S.D. College of Pharmacy, Barnala, Punjab, India
3 Swift School of Pharmacy, Rajpura, Punjab, India
4 University Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Punjab University, Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
V Dutt
Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: Guru Nanak Khalsa Group of Institutions, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-7847.70916

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The review includes 103 references on the genus Gelsemium, and comprises ethnopharmacology, morphology, phytoconstituents, pharmacological reports, clinical studies and toxicology of the prominent species of Gelsemium. Alkaloids and iridoids constitute major classes of phytoconstituents of the genus. Most popular species of the genus are the Asian G. elegans and the two North American related species, G. sempervirens and G. rankinii. Gelsemium species are categorized under medicinal as well as poisonous plants. Amongst various species, G. elegans and G. sempervirens possess medicinal value, and have been traditionally used as nervous system relaxant. These plants have been explored exhaustively for their anticancer activity. In the concluding part, the future scope of Gelsemium species has been emphasized with a view to establish their multifarious biological activities and mode of actions


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