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PLANT REVIEW
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 161-166

A review on Cressa cretica Linn.: A halophytic plant


1 Government Pharmacy Institute, Bariatu, Ranchi - 834 009, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Mesra, Ranchi - 835 215, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
S Priyashree
Govt. Pharmacy Institute, Bariatu, Ranchi - 834 009, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-7847.70910

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Herbal medicine is used by up to 80% of the population in developing countries. Cressa cretica L. is a popular holophytic plant and is used in folklore medicine for ailments including diabetes, ulcers, asthma, anthelmintic, stomachic, tonic and aphrodisiac purposes, enriches the blood, and is useful in constipation, leprosy, and urinary discharges. The plant is traditionally used in Bahrain as expectorant and antibilious agent. Scientific evidence suggests its versatile biological functions such as its antibacterial, antifungal, antitussive, anticancer with some other plants, anti-inflammatory, and improving testicular function in rats. In this article, a comprehensive account of the morphology, phytochemical constituents, ethnobotany, and biological activities are included in view of the recent findings of importance on the plant, C. cretica.


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